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Deutsche Welle

Help in Indonesia

Deutsche Welle is actively assisting in the drive for swift emergency aid and reconstruction in Indonesia, the country worst hit by the tsunami catastrophe. In Aceh, Deutsche Welle has donated 1.000 radios. The radios are meant to help people inform themselves about the latest situation in their area and tune in to various missing persons programmes now on air from Medan and cities outside of the Aceh province. Many people are still looking for their lost relatives.

Radios are also useful for practical needs, for instance which farmer markets have re-opened and where aid is being distributed. The distribution of radios is in cooperation with Jakarta radio, 68H.

Deutsche Welle has been broadcasting to Indonesia for more than 41 years in the Indonesian language and has 89 partner radio stations there. In the province of Aceh, most radio stations have been destroyed. Deutsche Welle will be assisting in the rebuilding of these radio stations and procurement of broadcast equipment.

Sri Lankan Relay Station

Deutsche Welle's first and immediate aim was to assist our Sri Lankan staff in Trincomalee in overcoming the consequences of the natural disaster. Assistance was immediately allocated to them and will furthermore be given in order to assist the victims. Fortunately, there was no loss of life amongst our staff or their families. At our Relay Station, located 25 km north of Trincomalee, as part of our help, we offered access to our limited water resources (fountains) to international organisations (Red Cross).

With respect to the long-lasting good relations between the Sri Lanka Broadcast Corperation and Deutsche Welle, we supported generously the SLBC Scheme for Tidal Wave Victims and technical support has been offered wherever needed.

Changes to all Foreign Radio Output

Both GERMAN and ENGLISH SERVICES of Deutsche Welle Radio changed their programme schedules on December 26th, 2004 to report on the impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster. Special editions of current affairs programmes of both 24-hour language services continued expanded coverage of events in the region throughout the following two-week period. Various feature programmes in the German and English Service also dealt with the subject throughout the following weeks. Deutsche Welle Radio sent three correspondents to Indonesia and India to cover the disaster from the ground. Both the German and English Service continue to report daily on the on-going rescue efforts and humanitarian aid being provided to the devastated areas.

In addition, beginning in the morning hours of 26th December, 2004 and continuing for approximately 14 days, DW-WORLD, the Deutsche Welle internet home page, offered a mostly monothematic presentation of news and current information in its primary languages, German, English, Chinese, Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese and Russian.

The Tsunami was the top story in all Deutsche Welle Radio’s FOREIGN LANGUAGE SERVICES. Journalists changed the normal running order of most of the programmes. Additional staff were brought in, especially for Asian languages. The foreign language services provided indepth coverage from different locations in the tsunami-hit countries. They also covered international humanitarian efforts. DW-RADIO/INDONESIAN established a hotline for Indonesian nationals living in Europe so that they could get information about relatives living in Aceh and other affected areas. DW-RADIO/HINDI and BENGALI services also provided the affected areas in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh with special broadcasts on the Tsunami disaster.

The German Service of Deutsche Welle Radio set up a helpline for German citizens to locate missing persons in the desaster area. Appeals to contact their families are broadcast across the region in the current affairs programmes on the international 24-hour German language service.

DW Television

Three weeks have passed since the Tsunami disaster. Many of the dead have not yet been recovered. People are still in a state of shock. Nevertheless, everyday life is beginning to return. The survivors are trying to rebuild their lives with the few possessions left to them. International relief organisations are playing a vital role. A team of Deutsche Welle reporters is travelling with a task force set up by the German Technical Support Service (THW). Its main objective is to build water treatment plants and provide the population with fresh drinking-water. German army paramedics are also at the scene of the disaster. They are helping to building an emergency medical centre and are distributing medicine to ward off epidemics.

First transmission in German on AsiaSat 2, HotBird and ASTRA: Monday 17th January at 15.30 UTC (Nahaufnahme). In English: Monday 17th January at 18.30 UTC (Close Up). The programme was repeated some hours later.

Internal Fundraising at DW

Fund raising initiatives are carried out at DW Headquarters in Bonn, Germany and showing overwhelming success.

Contact DW

Dr. Burkhard Nowotny Director of International Relations Deutsche Welle Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 3 53110 Bonn Germany Tel. +49-228-429-2021 Fax: +49-228-429-2024

ARD member stations

All ARD radio stations have covered the Tsunami Catastrophe beginning December 26th, 2004. Radio stations changed their programmes to report from various locations effected by the catastrophe and on other Tsunami related situations. The radio stations began to support fundraising campaigns for the South Asian charity organizations, e.g. music events, charity concerts, sales of celebrity autographs, realization of music wishes in several programmes. People donated money immediately. This work is still going on in all ARD radio stations.

There is one partnership currently. ARD, Hessischer Rundfunk and the charity organization "Solidaritättsfonds, Demokratische Medien" began to contact and reconstruct the Independent Radio Stations in Indonesia.

(Stefani Müller, EBU-Koord. und Entwicklungsplanung Hörfunk, Hessischer Rundfunk)

ZDF Offers Tsunami Footage

ZDF Archive has compiled a broadcast-ready clip reel of tsunami coverage, featuring reports from correspondents in the affected countries as well as amateur video of the catastrophe and computer generated graphics.

Much of the ZDF's tsunami material was used in the German broadcaster's fundraising event, which generated some 40.6 million euros for the victims of the December 26 catastrophe. Footage includes reports on the origins of the tsunami and its effects and the fate of isolated ethnic groups in the region.

(Source: World Screen News)


Elliniki Radiophonia Teleorassi S.A. (ERT)

On 19 January ERT President Christos Panagopoulos gave Foreign Minister Petros Molyviatis a check for just under 15 million euros - the proceeds of ERT's telemarathon and of donations to cash boxes set up at Syntagma and at Athens International Airport - for victims of the tsunami. Mobile phone donations as well as the proceeds of two auctions, a charity concert and CD will follow, Panagopoulos said. Molyviatis said that a special committee, to be monitored by the General Accounting Office, would be set up to manage the donations.


Radio Netherlands, Dutch International Service

Many staff at radio stations in Aceh, colleague journalists of the Radio Netherlands ( Indonesian department, people with whom Radio Netherlands had regular contact, are still missing. Several stations in Aceh with which Radio Netherlands had worked for many years have been totally destroyed.

Radio Netherlands is starting an action program to set up a number of emergency radio stations, which will in due course be built up into permanent stations. One of the stations that was destroyed is Radio Nikoya FM in Banda Aceh, that used to broadcast news in Indonesian from Radio Netherlands on a daily basis.

The Head of the Indonesian department of Radio Netherlands, Indra Titus, officially retired on January 13th 2005. Hoewever, she is continuing to help Radio Netherlands with its project for partner stations in the region. Jan Hoek, Director General at Radio Netherlands, says "We want to help to get the partner stations back on the air, because radio is a very important means of communication in the stricken areas. As help is beginning to flow, communications must be restored to help the search for family members and make information accessible. Even under normal circumstances, radio in Indonesia is a vital means of communication. International broadcasters need to be involved in this assistance programme".

In addition, Radio Netherlands has appealed to its 6000 partner stations around the world to collect money and equipment.

Radio Netherlands sends three mobile radio stations to Aceh

Radio Netherlands is currently constructing three mobile radio stations which will be shipped to Aceh at the end of March. These will enable three RN partner stations in Banda Aceh, Meulobah and the island of Nias to resume their broadcasts by late April. These radio stations were completely obliterated by the December tsunami. The mobile radio stations have been named "Queen Beatrix", "Princess Máxima" and "Princess Catherina-Amalia".

Radio Netherlands is helping with the long-term reconstruction of these partner stations, but this is a slow process. General Director Jan Hoek says: "It is really important that the radio stations in Aceh are back on the air as soon as possible. Radio is a vitally important means of communication in Aceh and a major source of information for listeners. That’s why we started constructing these mobile radio stations a couple of weeks ago”.

"Once they are back on the air, they will also be broadcasting material from our Indonesian service and letting many people in the region hear independent journalism once again." Radio Netherlands’ Indonesian programmes can be heard in Indonesia on short wave, satellite, internet and via partner stations.

Radio Netherlands is also giving a modest degree of financial support to the staff of the partner stations who survived the disaster. In future RN would like to provide training courses for new and existing employees of the partner stations, since many of their people did not survive.

The mobile radio station or "Radio Station in a Box" was created in collaboration with BFN - the company that provides technical services to Radio Netherlands in Hilversum - and StudioBouw VOF. The mobile radio stations are being lent to the partner stations in Aceh. Once they are able to start using their own facilities again, Radio Netherlands will deploy the mobile stations in other parts of the world and for other purposes - for instance, for training purposes or in connection with other natural disasters.

Eyewitness radio documentary recorded in Sri Lanka available to all broadcasters

Radio Netherlands producer Marijke van der Meer was in Sri Lanka as a tourist at the time of the tsunami, and in the past several weeks she has been contributing to Radio Netherlands' reporting of the disaster through phone calls, articles for the web, interviews, and radio programmes. One month on, Marijke produced a moving documentary featuring unique material she recorded on location in the days that followed the disaster. Marijke says "Words can never do justice to this phenomenon, however. I can only attempt to hold on to what I never want to forget and try to pass it on."

Radio Netherlands is making this programme (running time 29' 30") available to broadcasters worldwide. You can hear it on the Web via the Radio Netherlands Website (

For broadcasters wishing to air the programme, a broadcast quality MPEG file can be downloaded or supplied on a CD.

Radio Netherlands also has other tsunami-related material available, such as:

  • A Dutch fisherman's choir fundraising for fishermen in Sri Lanka (preview here (
  • A piece on the destruction/reconstruction of the VOC documentation centre in Sri Lanka
  • Do animals possess some mysterious "sixth sense" that allows them to escape disaster or even to predict it? Since 26 December, there have been numerous reports of animals behaving strangely before the tsunami hit the various coastlines of south-east Asia. But how much is fact and how much fiction? (preview here (

For more information, contact:

Radio 555 Appeal

Hilversum has never seen anything like it - public and commercial broadcasters were working together on January 6th in Studio 22, a big TV studio just along the road from Radio Netherlands. They combined efforts to produce Radio 555, a one-day special radio station raising money for the tsunami disaster fund. A very high quality video stream showed the scenes from the studio to Dutch people around the world, and there was an atmosphere of excitement as donations mounted. You can see photos of the day at

The broadcast was carried on the normal frequencies of all the participating stations, and was also available on shortwave and via the Internet. From 0900-1100 UTC the programme was relayed additionally on 5955 kHz, the regular Dutch frequency of Radio Netherlands.

At 1900 UTC, Radio 555 announced that donations of more than 5 million Euro had been pledged. A magnificent effort, and a piece of Dutch broadcasting history as never before had public and commercial broadcasters pooled their resources in this way.

555 is the giro number known nationally in the Netherlands for fundraising during emergencies. Audio highlights (10MB) of the broadcasts (all in Dutch) can be found here (


This Dutch based organisation has also been active. FREE VOICE ( and Reporters Respond (part of the Dutch Journalists Union NVJ), have jointly donated 10.000 Euro to a relief fund administered by AJI (Alliansi Jurnalis Independen Indonesia). It’s meant for surviving relatives of deceased journalists and media workers (print as well as broadcast) in Aceh. FREE VOICE is now looking into the possibility of assisting its Indonesian partner KBR 68H in rebuilding several local radio stations in Aceh (different from the ones mentioned in the country report on Indonesia).


YLE, Finnish Broadcasting Company (public service) had a one day fund raising campaign jointly with radio and TV 1. The results were handed to Red Cross, UNICEF and Church Aid. We also had live aid concerts which were broadcast both in radio and TV. MTV3 had an Aid Concert with fund raising and great income.

Concerning the YLE´s possible support to restore the media structure, I think we will wait a few months to see what material/expertise is needed. YLE currently provides the EBU presidency, and the long-term efforts by the EBU ( will be discussed at the beginning of February.

Jouko Blomberg Head of YLE Consulting FINNISH BROADCASTING COMPANY ( YLE ) PL 99 00024 YLEISRADIO Finland

InterNews Europe

  • Internews Europe is coordinating with colleagues in Sri Lanka and Aceh, a province of Indonesia, to re-establish communications after the Dec. 26 earthquake and tsunami left many areas disconnected from the outside world.
  • Internews, with headquarters in Paris, has several offices in Southeast Asia. While the buildings were untouched, the devastation has been personal. One staff member lost 15 members of his family. Five survived.
  • Internews is appealing for donations to help rebuild media outlets there. One newspaper lost 65 percent of its staff and radio stations are down. Internews is a nonprofit organization that works to improve information access for people around the world by helping foster independent media and open communication policies.
  • The organisation has sent four "suitcase" 30-watt FM radio stations, computers, cell phones and phone cards to get communications up. It is also providing stipends to local journalists.
  • Internews is one of several organizations suggesting a text-messaging system be set up to warn when earthquakes or other emergencies occur in the region. Such a mechanism might have saved as many as half the people who perished in the tsunami.”

via Gerd Greune - Internews Europe

Slager Radio - Budapest Hungary

Here are the details of what is happening so far:

  • Slager Radio's morning team, Boomerang, (also the #1 morning show in Hungary) started last Monday to talk on the air about their desire to get a plane of Hungarian to help with the disaster areas in Asia due to the tsunami. Immediately the phone calls and sms's came flooding in from people who wanted to help and or give money. A Dr. from Sri Lanka called in and was on the air. He spoke about the need to rebuild villages that have been erased by the tsunami. Medical companies also started calling and offering supplies. By Friday there was also a pledge by the Hungarian government to cover the cost of the airplane and over 100 people have volunteered to go the Sri Lanka and help build homes.
  • This aid drive is still a work in progress and the exact location and timing of the trip won't be finalized until this week. The good news is that it will happen and that there has been such a strong outpouring of support by the Hungarian people towards the victims of the tsunami.”

Barbara Brill Vice Chairwoman General Manager Slager Radio


France’s Eutelsat SA, an ABU affiliate member, will allow free usage of its fixed satellite services (FSS) in affected areas.

A representative, Jan Grondrup-Vivanco, said this would enable Internet access and Voice over Internet Protocol telephony be set up in these places.

Eutelsat 70, rue Balard F-75502 Paris Cedex 15 France Tel : + 33 1 53 98 47 07 Fax : +33 1 53 98 37 37 Email : booking AT

European Commission

  • The special Tsunami site aimed at the general public is now online at:

For the moment, the notable features are that it contains articles on ECHO's actions so far, the actions of NGOs and the huge public reaction across the EU. * These articles will be updated regularly. We also have an article on the ASEAN Summit and will add more on Civil Protection, European Investment Bank, RELEX, the extraordinary GAERC, trade etc. on a daily basis.

  • We will just write about the genuine reaction of citizens all across Europe and show that European people are playing their part in meeting a global crisis.
  • Other things to note are that we are inviting NGO's to contact us if they want to be listed on our page and we have included a 'Donate' button on the site which points to the UN website. This is probably the first time the Commission has done this.” says Jennifer Hutton - European Commission Representation in the UK
  • The European Commission's spokesman's service has created a special press pack for journalists which is available online at:

and will continue to be regularly updated.

  • Otherwise, an automatic alert system can be created to have all "tsunami" related press releases emailed directly to journalists, see:
  • In addition, the Commission services are also working on another website "Tsunami disaster - European solidarity" which should be up and running shortly. This will give access to information regarding humanitarian aid work being carried out bythe European Commission's ECHO team, as well the UN and other NGOs, together with information concerning member states' reactions and yesterday's special ASEAN meeting.


Skopje, January 16 - A Radio-TV appeal, launched by the Macedonian Radio Television (MRTV) within the humanitarian campaign "Macedonia for Tsunami Victims", collected Saturday about Denar three million (approximately Euro 50,000).

The MRTV program included humanitarian phone lines and auction of personal items belonging to Macedonian entertaining stars. The humanitarian happening at "Macedonia" square in Skopje for the tsunami victims in Southeast Asia was closed last night with a concert and minute of silence in honor of the deceased in this devastating tragedy.


Teresa Anahory of RDP Portugal (Portuguese Public Radio)reponds

We had special programmes in Radio and one direct entertainment and news programme on Television to collect money for the victims. We were able to collect over one million euros that were distributed in equal parties for humanitarian organizations.

RDP is channelling its funding through Humanitarian NGOs rather than getting involved with specific media projects.

HIRONDELLE Foundation - Switzerland

"We are involved with supporting the public service station of Timor Leste..." - Dario Baroni, Fondation Hirondelle (


An Australian 40 million dollar tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean should be up and running next year with a global one to be in place by 2007, the United Nations said.

Koichiro Matsuura, chief of the United Nations' educational, scientific and cultural agency, UNESCO, told reporters on the sidelines of a UN conference on small islands that the Indian Ocean system should be working by the middle of 2006.

"If everything goes well, the initial warning system for the Indian Ocean should be put in place at least in its provisional form by June 2006 and the global warning system should be put in place ... by June 2007," he said.

UNESCO is taking the lead in the international effort to set up a regional tsunami warning system for the Indian Ocean and a global one in a bid to prevent disasters similar to that caused by last month's tsunami, which has left more than 159,000 people dead.

The alert mechanisms, to be modelled after a warning centre in Hawaii run by the United States and the UN agency for the Pacific, have received near universal endorsement by world leaders in the wake of the tsunami.

Unesco Appeal

UNESCO is appealing for support to restore radio broadcasting in the tsunami stricken province of Aceh in Northern Sumatra, to facilitate the dissemination of disaster relief information.

14 radio stations that existed in the affected areas of Aceh province were destroyed by the tsunami, leaving virtually no means of communicating vital information. It is essential to restore the radio broadcasting in Aceh to assist disaster relief efforts and to provide hopes for survival and resurrection for the affected thousands.

Funds raised from the appeal will be used to repair destroyed or damaged broadcasting equipment, to finance the direct operational costs of the radio stations for an initial period, and to purchase and distribute radio sets to the displaced people.

UNESCO’s International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) is working closely on this project with the Indonesian Ministry of Information and Communication and the Indonesian Association of Private Radio Stations (PRRSNI).

The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union is coordinating its own relief effort in the region with UNESCO. The UNESCO relief effort is to will supplement the project that has already been launched by Commercial Radio Australia, and is being coordinated by the ABU, to ship six donated transmitters to Aceh, 12 engineers to oversee their installation, and the delivery of 50,000 portable radio sets with fresh batteries to Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldives, the first 5,000 of which will be shipped from Australia this week. Provision of low power TV and FM transmitters and broadcast equipment by other member broadcasters is also being undertaken.

Unesco Contact:

Mr. W. Jayaweera
Director, Division for Communication Development
Communication and Information Sector, UNESCO
1, rue Miollis, 75732 Paris Cedex 15, France
Tel:+(33) 1 45 68 41 98; 
Fax:+(33) 1 45 68 55 85
E-mail: w.jayaweera AT

Unesco Contributions

Contributions can be made to:

A/C NO 949-1-191558
International Money Transfer Division
4 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn
SWIFT: CHASUS33 ABA NO 0210-0002-1

United Kingdom


“The December 26th earthquake under the Indian Ocean prompted one of the largest news efforts ever undertaken by the BBC with correspondents deployed on an unprecedented scale. It is probably the biggest story since 9/11 and in many ways, more challenging because of the huge area affected, parts of which are now inaccessible.

Menuk Suwondo, Head of the BBC Indonesian Service, is one of many World Service journalists who have been waiting for news of friends and colleagues as she covered the story each day. Early on she received a message from a reporter at one of the BBC’s partner stations in Banda Aceh, which said: “I am alive but the rest of the team are missing.”

BBC Indonesian Service FM partners in Banda Aceh

  • Radio Prima FM in Banda Aceh Station and its facilities: 80% damaged Broadcast capability: It’s in the process of setting up basic broadcast facilities (with the help of NGOs on the ground). It’s expected to resume broadcast next week. Staff: 10 survivors, 1 confirmed dead, 10 are still missing, 11 are thought to be alive but have not reported to the station.
  • Radio Dalka FM in Meulaboh Station and its facilities: badly damaged Broadcast capability: deceased Staff: The station’s director has contacted the BBC, but he has not heard from any of his team.
  • Radio Adyemaja in Lhokseumawe Station and its facilities: damaged Broadcast capability: It has resumed a very limited broadcast, including the BBC’s Indonesian transmissions. Staff: all survive
  • Radio Megaphone in Sigli: Station and its facilities: badly damaged Broadcast capability: ceased Staff: 3 survive, 9 are still missing Tamil Service All regular features programmes and the regular programme format were suspended and given over to the Tsunami disaster, until the 5th January

On February 16th 2005, BBC World Service said it is back on air on FM in Banda Aceh, Indonesia where it is now broadcasting in English as well as in Indonesian. Three other local radio stations in Aceh are restarting BBC World Service FM broadcasts this week.

Menuk Suwondo, head of the BBC Indonesian service, said: "People want to know what is happening both in Indonesia and in neighbouring countries which were hard hit by the tidal waves. "It is important that people in Aceh know they are not alone and can see the global picture. BBC World Service has a strong audience in Indonesia's Aceh province, where there has been a long-running war between the government and local separatists. Before the tsunami struck four leading local FM stations rebroadcast the BBC Indonesian service programmes live.

Homes, bridges and roads were destroyed by the tsunami. The lack of transport created extra logistical difficulties in restoring BBC World Service on FM broadcasts in Aceh. Surviving radio journalists have transported the much-needed satellite dishes and receivers from the neighbouring provincial capital, Medan, to Aceh on local charter vans.

"None of this could have been done without their help," said Menuk.

BBC World Service has also found a new partner station in central Aceh, a hilly part of the province which was relatively unaffected by the tidal waves. It has become one of the places where people from the affected areas have taken refuge.

Apart from providing FM partners with satellite dishes and receivers to relay the Indonesian service programmes, the BBC has also assisted some of them with radio production equipment such as microphones, programme mixers and computers. As many as 500 locally made receivers have been distributed across the refugee camps along the western coast of Aceh.

Indonesia has so far (Feb 18th) buried 119,349 people who died in the tsunami. Almost 115,000 others remain missing, the Indonesian government has said. Thousands of the dead and missing are from Aceh and the death toll is expected to climb higher. Many thousands of the survivors are now homeless.

BBC South Asian Service

BBC’s South India correspondent Sampath Kumar was rushed to the affected coastal areas of Tamil Nadu and other stringers in Sri Lanka were rushed to their respected regions to cover the disaster from the ground. The Tamil Services partner SLBC could not be contacted as all the telephone lines were down in Colombo so it was decided to transmit the additional transmissions via SW. Feedback was very good as evidenced by the listener’s emails and telephone calls to our Chennai office. - page impressions surged by nearly 800% on the 26/27 December registering nearly 65000 hits each day (the site normally receives approximately 8000 hits per day). The website is still receiving nearly double traffic as normal on most days.

BBC Thai Service

The service kept to their normal transmission times, but changed the running order and content of the programmes to reports from various locations effected by the disaster and other Tsunami related stories • An extra producer from London to back up their Bangkok producer who went to Phuket to report • As far as we know none of the partners in Thailand were affected Thailand is starting the reconstruction process in tsunami-hit provinces in the South. Several countries have given good cooperation and have shown willingness to work closely with Thailand in establishing a regional early warning system.

Internal BBC WS Fundraising

Fundraising: Staff at the World Service have embarked on many private fundraising initiatives which are being well supported – eg music events, raffles, CD sales, etc” . This information via Helen Wilson, Head of BBC World Service Asia and Pacific Region, Bush House, London.

BBC Domestic Services Organise Tsunami Concert

A 7-hour concert at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff on Saturday 22 January raised £1.25 million from the sell-out audience of 60,000, and fees from worldwide broadcast rights will take the total close to £5m. The BBC broadcast the entire event live on the Welsh TV Channel S4C, with simultaneous radio and internet broadcasts. Portions were also carried on BBC2. The concert, the biggest charity gig since Live Aid which raised £60m in 1984, was organised in just three weeks by Millennium Stadium General Manager Paul Sergeant, who said "I’ve been in the business 22 years and I’ve never experienced such an atmosphere of co-operation."

Commercial Radio in the UK

A number of Commercial Radio groups jointly held a single day fund raising venture for the Tsunami appeal on 17th January. Capital, Chrysalis, Emap, GMG, GWR, SRH, Unique and Virgin broadcast the same programming across 250 UK commercial stations from 6am to 6pm, with guest appearances by a number of people from the music business as well as Prime Minister Tony Blair. Emap’s Mark Story chaired the many interests that came together to make the venture possible, with administrative support from the Commercial Radio Companies Association. By 6pm over £3 million had been raised, and the final total is expected to be considerably higher.